The Study of Brain: From Biology to Neuroscience

The human brain is one of the most complex organs in our body. It governs almost every aspect of our lives, from our thoughts and emotions to our ability to move and breathe. Research on the brain has come a long way since ancient times, when it was believed to be the source of all human behavior. Today, scientists and researchers continue to study the brain and its functions, aiming to understand its complex processes and how it influences our behavior, emotions, and even our health.

Is Brain Biology or Neurology?

The brain is a biological organ that controls the functions of the entire body, including our thoughts, emotions, and movements. Thus, the study of the brain is related to both biology and neurology. Biology is the study of living organisms, while neurology is the study of the nervous system and its functions, which includes the brain. Therefore, research on the brain can be approached from both biological and neurological perspectives, depending on the research questions being asked.

What is the Study of the Brain Called?

The study of brain and nervous system is called neuroscience. It encompasses various fields of research, including biology, psychology, genetics, and computer science. Neuroscience research aims to gain a comprehensive understanding of the brain and how it works, from the cellular level to the level of behavior and cognition. This interdisciplinary approach has led to breakthrough discoveries that revolutionized our understanding of the brain and its functions.

Do Psychologists Study the Brain?

Yes, psychologists also study the brain. While neuroscience focuses on the biological and physiological processes of the brain, the study of the brain psychology, on the other hand, examines how the brain affects behavior and emotions. Psychologists use various methods and techniques to study the brain, such as brain imaging, cognitive testing, and neuropsychological assessments. With these methods, psychologists can identify brain disorders and develop interventions to improve cognitive functions, emotional regulation, and quality of life.

Methods of Studying the Brain Psychology

Studying the brain psychology involves several methods and techniques, ranging from behavioral observations to neuroimaging technologies. Here are some commonly used methods:

  • Behavioral Observations: This involves observing and recording behavior, and then inferring how the brain might be involved in that behavior. This method is commonly used in animal studies and early research phases.

  • Cognitive Testing: This method involves assessing cognitive functions such as attention, memory, and language using standardized tests. This can be helpful in identifying neurological disorders such as dementia and brain injuries.

  • Neuroimaging: This method involves using various imaging technologies, such as MRI, fMRI, and PET, to visualize the structure, function, and activity of the brain. Neuroimaging has revolutionized our understanding of the brain and its functions.

Study of Brain Disorders

The study of brain disorders is called neuropsychology. Neuropsychologists focus on diagnosing and treating the cognitive and psychological symptoms of brain disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and traumatic brain injury. Brain disorders can have a significant impact on the quality of life of those affected, and neuropsychology aims to develop interventions to improve cognitive functions and emotional well-being.

Study of the Human Mind and Behavior

Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes. As such, it encompasses the study of the human mind and behavior. Psychology provides a framework for understanding a wide range of phenomena, from the biological processes that govern behavior to the societal and cultural factors that shape our thoughts and emotions.

Anencephaly – An Example of a Brain Disorder

Anencephaly is a rare congenital disorder in which the brain and skull do not develop fully during fetal development. As a result, babies with this condition are born without a significant portion of their brains and skulls. This disorder is often fatal and has no cure, although treatment can provide comfort and support for affected individuals and their families.

Brain Study Test

Brain study tests, also known as neuropsychological assessments, are used to evaluate cognitive functions, such as attention, memory, language, and problem-solving. These tests can help identify neurological disorders, such as dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, and brain injuries. They can also provide a baseline for monitoring cognitive functions and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions.


In conclusion, the study of the brain is a vast and complex field that encompasses various disciplines, including biology, neuroscience, psychology, and genetics. Research on the brain has led to breakthrough discoveries that revolutionized our understanding of the brain and its functions, and continue to shape our understanding of behavior and cognition. Whether through neuroimaging technologies or behavioral observations, scientists and researchers work towards understanding the brain, its disorders and developing interventions to improve quality of life.